The Universe That Emerged and Developed in a Causal ‎Manner

Particle Physics

Authors

  • Naohiro ‎ Ozawa * ‎1-8-27, Sakuraoka, Tyuuou-ku, Saitama City, Saitama-kenn, 338-0005, Japan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55672/hij2022pp122-127

Keywords:

Emergence of the universe, Development of the universe, Big Bang Hypothesis, Causality, Anti-particles, Symmetry, sequential nature ‎

Abstract

The interpretation of the universe put forward in this series of research papers (30 papers in total) explains ‎how the ‎universe has emerged, developed, and will end in a causal and autonomous manner according to a ‎single principle ‎from start to finish. In other words, the emergence of all particles such as neutrinos, quarks, ‎‎[the π‎-on group ( π^+,π^-,π^±,π^0 ) and the nucleon group (‎‎p‎ ‎,p ̅ ‎‎,n,n ̅ ‎ ‎)], and the 120 types of atomic ‎nuclei as well as ‎motive forces by which work physical forces such as "strong interaction," "weak ‎interaction," the "electromagnetic ‎force," and "gravity" are without exception the result of the causality ‎between the 4 types of entities that existed in ‎a single point at the emergence of the universe. Furthermore, ‎this series of research papers will make clear how the ‎universe has continuously developed according to ‎causality and, in this way, has formed the entirety of today's ‎universe, including all physical matter.‎ This research will begin by proving the insight that there was nothing outside ‎of the single point at the start ‎of the universe. A consideration of the types of entities that existed in a single point at ‎the start of the ‎universe and of the causality between these entities will follow. If we assume that not even space ‎existed ‎outside of the universe, it is not possible for neutrinos and quarks to suddenly emerge, although the ‎‎Standard Model advocates it is possible. As such, this research paper believes that the universe began by ‎‎constructing space. That is, this series of research papers splits from the Standard Model right from the start ‎of the ‎universe.‎

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Author Biography

Naohiro ‎ Ozawa *, ‎1-8-27, Sakuraoka, Tyuuou-ku, Saitama City, Saitama-kenn, 338-0005, Japan

Naohiro Ozawa 

1-8-27, Sakuraoka, Tyuuou-ku, Saitama City, Saitama-kenn, 338-0005, Japan

References

‎[1]‎ B. Povh, K. Rith, C. Scholz, F. Zetsche, and W. ‎Rodejohann, Teilchen und Kerne: eine Einführung in ‎die physikalischen Konzepte. Springer-Verlag, 2013.‎

‎[2]‎ R. M. Barnett, H. Mühry, and H. R. Quinn, The Charm ‎of Strange Quarks: Mysteries and Revolutions of ‎Particle Physics. Springer Science & Business Media, ‎‎2013.‎

‎[3]‎ R. A. Alpher, H. Bethe, and G. J. P. R. Gamow, "The ‎origin of chemical elements," vol. 73, no. 7, p. 803, ‎‎1948.‎

‎[4]‎ N. J. H. I. J. Ozawa, "The Emergence of Strong ‎Interaction: Particle Physics," vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 91-96, ‎‎2022.‎

‎[5]‎ N. Ozawa, hij, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 108–114, Sep. 2022., ‎‎"The Emergence of Weak Interaction," in hij vol. 2, ‎ed, pp. 108-114.‎

Published

2022-09-03

How to Cite

Ozawa *, N. . ‎. (2022). The Universe That Emerged and Developed in a Causal ‎Manner: Particle Physics. Hyperscience International Journal, 2(3), 122–127. https://doi.org/10.55672/hij2022pp122-127