The Emergence of Strong Interaction

Particle Physics


  • Naohiro Ozawa ‎1-8-27, Sakuraoka, Tyuuou-ku, Saitama City, Saitama-kenn, 338-0005, Japan



Strong interaction, Quarks/anti-quarks(u,u ̅,d,d ̅)‎, Nuclear group ( P,P ̅,n, n ̅ ), π-on group (π^ ,π^-,π^±,π^0), Gluons, Neutrinos


The conclusion of this paper is that the strong interaction that emerged as the universe developed through the ‎mediation of two pairs of four types of neutrinos (v_µ ,v ̅_µ ,v_e ,v ̅_e) acted on two pairs of four types of ‎quarks/anti-quarks (u,u ̅,d,d ̅) to form two particle groups each having an electrical charge composition of (+1, -1, ‎‎0, 0) the π-on group (π^+,π^-,π^±,π^0 ) and the nucleon group ( P, P ̅, n, n ̅), which became the ‎constituent materials for 120 types of atomic nuclei/anti-atomic nuclei. That is, the emergence of strong interaction ‎is the physical force that shouldered the central role within the causal chain that was the development of the ‎universe: From neutrino and quark/anti-quark → nucleon/anti-nucleon → electron/positron, atomic nuclei/anti-‎atomic nuclei → elements/anti-elements and so on. The quark chromodynamics on strong interaction of the ‎Standard Model however accounts for the emergence of strong interaction as basically the result of the union of ‎three colors/anti-colors of quarks/anti-quarks and is, therefore, no more than the result of a random accident. Hence, ‎the principle of strong interaction according to the Standard Model is not a causal property that emerged in line ‎with the flow of the development of the universe. For that reason, it is not possible for this principle to organize and ‎connect the past, the present, and the future in a sophisticated manner.‎


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Author Biography

Naohiro Ozawa, ‎1-8-27, Sakuraoka, Tyuuou-ku, Saitama City, Saitama-kenn, 338-0005, Japan

Naohiro Ozawa mceclip0.png

1-8-27, Sakuraoka, Tyuuou-ku, Saitama City, Saitama-kenn, 338-0005, Japan


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‎[2]‎ R. M. Barnett, H. Mühry, and H. R. Quinn, The Charm ‎of Strange Quarks: Mysteries and Revolutions of ‎Particle Physics. Springer Science & Business Media, ‎‎2013.‎

‎[3]‎ N. Ozawa, "Emergence of Quarks and Anti-Quarks " ‎Hyperscience International Journal, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. ‎‎83-88, 2022.‎



How to Cite

Ozawa, N. (2022). The Emergence of Strong Interaction: Particle Physics. Hyperscience International Journal, 2(3), 91–96.